By Peregrine Horden, Sharon Kinoshita
A better half to Mediterranean History provides a wide-ranging review of this shiny box of ancient study, drawing jointly students from a variety of disciplines to debate the advance of the sector from Neolithic instances to the present.
- Provides a priceless advent to present debates on Mediterranean historical past and is helping outline the sector for a brand new generation
- Covers advancements within the Mediterranean international from Neolithic instances to the trendy era
- Enables fruitful discussion between a variety of disciplines, together with heritage, archaeology, paintings, literature, and anthropology
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Additional info for A Companion to Mediterranean History
And so with climatological data. A number of Arctic and Antarctic ice cores go back through the last glacial period and a handful to the glacial period before that (Bradley, 1999: 126). 2 ka BP event” in paleoclimatologist shorthand), are reduced to what looks like a minor blip in a nearly straight line. ” But we must remember that the creation of all of what we think of as human civilization—the domestication of plants and animals, the building of permanent settlements and the social organizations the mediterranean climate 15 that developed within and around them—occurred since the mid-Holocene, and the agriculture on which it has depended is itself critically dependent on a narrow range of temperature and water supplies, “narrow” in comparison to the wide swings from glacial to inter-glacial.
2001). Climate variability since the mid-Holocene A half-century ago the title of this section would have been met with raised eyebrows, if not dismissed out of hand. The dominant view at that time was still that climate has not changed—apart from minor fluctuations—since temperatures reached their maximum after the last ice age about 9000 years ago. Because climate did not vary significantly, it could therefore be ignored in the analysis of historical events, shortterm or even long-term. “Minor,” as in “minor fluctuations,” is of course a matter of scale.
Coincidence is not causation. That simple rule is sometimes forgotten. Coincidence, at most, suggests a question; by itself it does not give an answer. And so, to connect climate variation to other historical phenomena, one must proceed link by link. Apart from sudden natural disasters, hurricanes, tsunamis, floods, volcanic eruptions, which can wipe out whole cities and destroy the livelihoods of large populations (and whose frequency may or may not be related to climate change), climate change will first of all have consequences, positive or negative, on food production.