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By Timothy Venning, Peter Frankopan

A Chronology of the Crusades presents a daily improvement of the Crusading circulation, the Crusades and the states created by means of them in the course of the medieval interval. starting within the run-up to the 1st campaign in 1095, to the autumn of Constantinople in 1453, and finishing with the Turkish assault on Belgrade in 1456, this reference is a complete consultant to the occasions of every campaign, focusing on the close to East, but in addition these Christian expeditions sanctioned via the Papacy as ‘Crusades’ within the medieval period. in addition to clashes among Christians and Muslims within the Latin States, Timothy Venning additionally chronicles the Albigensian campaign, clashes in Anatolia and the Balkans and the Reconquista within the Iberian Peninsula. either precise and available, this chronology attracts jointly fabric from modern Latin/Frankish, Byzantine and Arab/Muslim resources with evaluation and clarification to supply a readable narrative which provides scholars an in-depth evaluation of 1 of the main enduringly attention-grabbing classes in medieval history.

Including an creation by way of Peter Frankopan which summarises and contextualises the interval, this ebook is an important source for college students and teachers alike.

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2 1095 The First Crusade 1095–1099 BYZANTIUM/ARMENIA Constantine I becomes Prince of the new Principality of Armenia in the Taurus, based on his Lordship of Vakha. ) Ladislas (acceded 1077); succeeded by nephew Coloman, son of elder brother and predecessor Géza. TURKISH SULTANATE 28 February. Battle of Rayy (nr. Teheran): Tuctush defeated and killed by nephew Barqiyaruq. His young sons succeed to lands in Syria, Ridwan to Aleppo and Duqaq to Damascus, with the title of ‘Malik’ (King), under guidance of senior generals as ‘atabegs’ (guardians) – Toghtekin at Damascus.

14 July. Fierce assault all day; the siege-towers are placed along the walls. 15 July. Crusaders storm Jerusalem as Godfrey of Bouillon and his brother Eustace get siege-towers’ ramps onto the northern wall and Gilbert of Tournai and Litold lead a Lotharingian contingent onto the walls, followed by Godfrey. The Crusaders overrun the city, and indiscriminately massacre inhabitants including local Christians and Jews; Tancred’s men hurry to the Dome of the Rock so that the Temple Mount cannot be barricaded, and accept the surrender of the refugees in the Al-Aqsa Mosque who are promised safe passage and raise Tancred’s banner to show that they are under his protection.

Edgar’s fleet arrives and 6 March sortie defeated: Albert of Aix, book iii, ch. liii–lv; Gesta Francorum, book vii, ch. xviii; Radulph of Caen, book lviii; Raymond, book vi–viii, pp. 248–9. Bohemund’s plan: Anna Comnena, book xi, ch. iv (tr. Sewter, pp. 342–4); Gesta Francorum, book viii, ch. xx. Agreement to give Antioch to Bohemund in default of Alexius: Anna Comnena, book xi, ch. iv (tr. Sewter, p. 344); Gesta Francorum, book viii, ch. xix. Stephen flees: Fulcher, book i, ch. xvi; Gesta Francorum, book ix, ch.

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